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Europe - Romania - Transylvania - Osteology and Bioarchaeology of Frontier Populations
Archaeology Field School Location and DatesApplication Deadline
Start Date 2013-06-30
End Date 2013-08-10
Multiple Sessions Yes
Multiple Session information Osteology Workshop: July 14 - August 10, 2013 Bioarchaeology Workshop: June 30 - August 10, 2013
Archaeology Field School Location
Odorheiu Secuiesc and Bradesti-Fenyed, Transylvania, Romania
Archaeology Field School Tuition and CreditsSponsoring College/Institution
Archaeological Techniques and Research Center (ArchaeoTek) and Haaz Reszo Museum (Romania)
Archaeology Field School Tuition
$1475 - Osteology Workshop - 4 weeks $1975 - Bioarchaeology Workshop - 6 weeks
Archaeology Field School Room and Board
Archaeology Field School Travel
Additional Information on Tution/Room and Board/Travel Costs
Housing in double/triple occupancy rooms is provided in a nice hotel in Odorheiu Secuiesc. In the case of the Bioarchaeology Workshop, transportation is provided from the hotel to the archaeological site and back for the first 2 weeks. Teaching material, support and documentation, laboratory material, lectures, access to the study collection, security clearance, and museum registration are included in the fee.
Archaeology Field School Description
As the 15th century ends, the southeastern European frontier collapses in front of the Ottoman Turks. The heroes (and their legend) that held back the Eastern invaders have died: Vlad Dracula the Impaler, prince of Wallachia in 1476; Holy Stephan the Great, prince of Moldavia in 1504; Skanderberg (Iskender Bey), lord of Albania in 1468. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the united European defeat at the great Battle of Mohacs in 1526 opened the way for the Ottoman expansion into Europe, all the way to Vienna. Nevertheless, Transylvania was never invaded by the Turkish armies. The Saxon fortresses and the Szekely armies held the Ottomans armies at bay successfully. With the collapse of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1526, its Transylvanian territories became a political battlefield between European and the Ottoman backed princes until the Principality of Transylvania was born as an autonomous political entity in 1570. The aim of this project is to evaluate how major political events physically impact local populations. For that purpose, we will analyze the human remains from five different cemeteries from central Transylvania (Romania), dating from the 15th-17th centuries. Our goal is to achieve a better understanding of these frontier populations and the changes that affected them by examining who they were, how they lived, and their adaptive strategies - from a physiological perspective - to outside stresses. The Osteology Workshop is intended to address more advanced issues on human anatomy, focusing on biomechanics and pathology. The laboratory format will include daily classes, group discussions, laboratory work, bone restoration and analysis, leading to individual and group research projects and presentations. The Osteology Workshop requires an intermediate level knowledge of the human skeletal system in terms of anatomy and morphology. Students with no or limited knowledge of the human skeletal system should consider the Bioarchaeology Workshop. The Bioarchaeology Workshop integrates funerary excavation and advanced osteology workshop. It is designed to provide beginner level students with enough practical knowledge regarding the human skeletal system to be able to take advantage of the more advanced Osteology Workshop. A two week hands on funerary excavation is included prior to the beginning of second osteology session. During these two weeks, students will excavate a 15-17th century cemetery for 6-7 hours/day followed by daily intensive lectures on human anatomy and morphology, preparing our participants for the more advanced osteology laboratory. As a result, the Osteology and Bioarchaeology Workshops provide an invaluable experience to both inexperienced and advanced students.
Archaeology Field School Additional InformationArchaeology Field School Type
Osteology, Bioarchaeology, Funerary, Medieval
Medieval (13th - 17th century)
Field School Setting/Conditions
Transportation is provided from the hotel to the proximity of the archaeological site and back for the 2 weeks of funerary the funerary excavation. The following 4 weeks of the osteology workshop will be set in a laboratory of the Haaz Rezso Museum, within walking distance from the hotel.
How is the project area accessed each day
Bus for the excavation followed by a short hike; short walk for the workshop
What is the daily schedule for the field school
Funerary excavation: Mon-Fri, 8AM-4PM followed by 2h lecture Osteology laboratory: Mon-Fri, 8AM-5PM
Number of years this Archaeology Field School has been in operation
Is there a professional certification for this field school
Directors and Instructors
Andre Gonciar (ArchaeoTek); Zsolt Nyaradi (Haaz Rezso Museum)
Specialized skills you will have the opportunity to learn
Osteological conservation and restauration, osteological inventory, human morphology analysis; age, sex, pathology , metric and non-metric trait identification and recording. An in case the Bioarchaeology Workshop, additional: cemetery excavation, skeletal exhumation, field recording, grave/skeletal drawing.
On rain days will there be lab work?
Will there be additional organized activities?
Will there be additional organized activities?
Daily lectures and labs.
Is travel restriced during free time?
Archaeology Field School Contact Information and WebsiteField School Website: http://www.archaeotek.org/osteology_and_bioarch_workshop
Field School Contact Information
Buffalo, New York
Field School Contact E-mail:
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Field School Contact Website: http://www.archaeotek.org
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