Archaeology Field School Location and Dates
Archaeology Field School Location
Adulis (Eritrea), about 50 km south of the city of Massawa.
Archaeology Field School Tuition and Credits
At the end of School each student will receive a certificate issued by the Institute for Training and Research of the Italian Federation of UNESCO.
The Institute is a training organization recognized by the MIUR (Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research), but is not a degree-granting institution and it cannot offer credits for participation in the program. Credits generally can be obtained directly from the participant’s home institution through discussion with department faculty and administrative staff (e.g., Registrar’s office). The Institute provides supporting documentation upon successful conclusion of the program.
Archaeology Field School Tuition
Students will pay support fees in the amount of $4600 or €3500. These fees will cover housing, meals, excavation and laboratory equipment and staff costs. The fees must be paid in full upon admission. International travel to/from Italy is not included in these fees and is the students’ sole responsibility. Travel expenses from Rome to Asmara and from Asmara to Rome are included.
A discount is applied for students coming from the same university or institute, at least two students: $4350 or €3300 for each student.
Archaeology Field School Description
The ancient site of Adulis is well known by classical sources, as the Periplus Maris Erithraei (Periple of the Red Sea) by an anonymous writer of the 1st century A.D., the Naturalis Historia (Natural History) by Pliny the Elder (1st century A.D.) and the Topographia Christiana (Christian Topography) by Cosmas Indicopleustes (6th century A.D.). These written sources describe the town as an important port of trade in the Red Sea in Antiquity.
The site has been identified for the first time by Henry Salt at the beginning of the 19th century in the Zula Bay. The first archaeological excavation in the site has been conducted in 1868 by the British soldiers under the direction of captain William West Goodfellow and under the auspices of the British Museum. Goodfellow unearthed a Byzantine church in the SE sector of the town.
In 1906 Richard Sundström, a team member of the Enno Littmann expedition of the Princeton University, excavated a large building also in the NE sector of the site.
In 1907 the Italian archaeologist Roberto Paribeni conduced a substantial excavation in different areas of the site. Two Byzantine “churches” and the early levels of occupation of the site were identified in the SW limit.
At the end of the 1960s the French archaeologist Francis Anfray conducted an excavation in the central sector of the site focusing on the documentation of a part of residential area of the town.
More recent archaeological research in Adulis were conducted by a team of the Southampton University in 2004 and 2005 under the direction of D.P.S. Peacock and Lucy Blue: they did a topographic survey using a total station and a magnetometer.
The five years project, started in January 2011, aims to study the history, the architectural phases and the spatial organisation of the town of Adulis. In order to reach this goal the area of the most significant masonry structures of the site will be excavated and will be carried out an accurate documentation of the archaeological evidence. This documentation will include photogrammetrical analysis and laser-scanning survey of structures. In order to understand the spatial development of the site will be conducted geophysical survey as well as geological analysis for the collection of environmental data. The project will also include a program of conservation of the excavated masonry structures. The results of the archaeological research will be disseminated through web, television broadcasting, documentaries, magazines and scientific publications.
Archaeology Field School Additional Information
Archaeology Field School Type
The School will take place in November, 2012.
What is the daily schedule for the field school
• 1st week at the Centre for GeoTechnologies in Italy: seminars and lectures (GIS, GPS, laser scanner, geophysical prospection, photogrammetry) + excursions (Florence, Siena)
• 2nd, 3rd, 4th weeks at Adulis in Eritrea: excavation + laboratory activities + excursions (Massawa, Asmara)
Excavation will take place daily, Monday through Saturday, between 7:00 am and 5:00 pm, with two hours lunch break. Laboratories will be held regularly in parallel with excavation.
Directors and Instructors
•Giulio Bigliardi, PhD: Laboratory of GeoTechnologies for Archaeology - Centre for GeoTechnologies(Univ. of Siena); Institute for Training and Research of the Italian Federation of Clubs and Centres of UNESCO
•Sara Cappelli, PhD candidate: Laboratory of GeoTechnologies for Archaeology - Centre for GeoTechnologies(Univ. of Siena); Institute for Training and Research of the Italian Federation of Clubs and Centres of UNESCO
•Enzo Cocca, PhD candidate:: Laboratory of GeoTechnologies for Archaeology - Centre for GeoTechnologies(Univ. of Siena); Institute for Training and Research of the Italian Federation of Clubs and Centres of UNESCO
•Alfredo Castiglioni: Ce.R.D.O. (Centro di Ricerche sul Deserto Orientale)
•Angelo Castiglioni: Ce.R.D.O. (Centro di Ricerche sul Deserto Orientale)• Gabriele Zanazzo: Ce.R.D.O. (Centro di Ricerche sul Deserto Orientale)
•Chiara Zazzaro, PhD: University of Exeter
•Serena Massa, PhD: University “Cattolica” of Milan
•Yosief Libsekal, PhD: National Museum of Eritrea
Specialized skills you will have the opportunity to learn
The field activity includes:
•Methods of documentation with GPS, total station and terrestrial photogrammetry
•Aerial photogrammetry with drone
•Laboratory activities (cleaning, labeling, restoration and analyzing finds, as well as elaboration of excavation data, such as GPS, total station and laser scanner survey, GIS records…)
On rain days will there be lab work?
Yes.Laboratories will be held regularly in parallel with excavation.
Will there be additional organized activities?
Excavation and activities will not be held on sunday to give students the opportunity to enjoy their stay in Eritrea. During the weekends students will be accompanied in the cities of Asmara and Massawa.
Will there be additional organized activities?
Archaeology Field School Contact Information and Website
Field School Website:
Field School Contact Information
Giulio Bigliardi, PhD
Laboratory of GeoTechnologies for Archaeology
Centre for GeoTechnologies – Univerisity of Siena
Via vetri Vecchi 34
52027 San Giovanni Valdarno, Italy
Field School Contact E-mail:
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Field School Contact Website: