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Archaeology & Anthropology Field Schools

Europe - Spain - Menorca - Explore Underwater Pompeii & Port of Sanitja - 2017

Europe - Spain - Menorca - Explore Underwater Pompeii & Port of Sanitja - 2017

Archaeology Field School Location and Dates

Application Deadline
2017-10-31
Start Date 2017-05-01
End Date 2017-10-31

Multiple Sessions YES
Multiple Session information Session #1
2017 | April 12 – April 29
Session #2
2017 | May 01 – May 18 
Session #3
2017 | May 21 – June 07
Session #4
2017 | June 10 – Juny 27
Session #5
2017 | June 30 – July 17
Session #6
2017 | July 20 – August 06
Session #7
2017 | August 09 – August 26
Session #8
2017 | August 29 – September 15
Session #9
2017 | September 18 – October 05 
Session #10
2017 | October 08  – October 25 

Archaeology Field School Location
Ciutadella de Menorca, Balearic Islands (Spain)
Academic Credit
Subject to change according to the student University
Archaeology Field School Tuition
Inluded
Archaeology Field School Room and Board
Includes accommodation in the Student Residency. Two to six per room.

Additional Information on Tution/Room and Board/Travel Costs
$2900

Archaeology Field School Description


Surveying the Roman Mediterranean Ports. Underwater Archaeology in Portus Iulius “Underwater Pompeii” (Baia Underwater Park, Naples Bay – Italy) and Sanisera Port (Menorca – Spain)

1. General Information

The Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools offers annual programs in archaeology. This course is designed for students from around the world interested in studying abroad, gaining knowledge in Roman cities, classical archaeology and underwater archaeology.

This underwater archaeology course consists of two main parts:

During the first part of the course students will participate in an underwater archaeology survey. Immersions will focus on an underwater archaeological survey, exploring the Ancient Port of Sanitja and the coast of the Cape of Cavalleria.

The aim of this project is to identify structures of the Roman city of Sanisera and underwater shipwrecks, as well as the associated cargo including amphoras and anchors.

The second part of the course consists of studying the submerged archaeological remains of Portus Iulius of the Baia Underwater Park. In order to do this, participants will travel to Naples Bay, Italy.

Part 1.

Discover Amphora & Shipwrecks in the Underwater Port of Sanitja (Menorca, Spain)
Over the past eight years, The Underwater School in Archaeology has researched the ancient port of Sanitja via an intensive survey program. We have discovered 18 Roman shipwrecks with cargo, including amphora, and more than 10 anchors from different time periods.

There will be a minimum of 7 immersions focusing on underwater archaeological survey exploring the Ancient Port of Sanitja and the coast of the Cape of Cavalleria.

The aim of this project is to identify structures of the Roman city of Sanisera and underwater shipwrecks, as well as the associated cargo including amphoras and anchors.
Course time dedicated: 50%.


Part 2.

Study Submerged Archaeological Remains in Portus Iulius (Pompeii, Italy)

The Underwater Pompeii site is located in the bay of Naples and is managed by Baia Underwater Park. Underwater surveys show that Roman buildings are about 400 meters away from the present coastline, at a depth of approximately 9 meters. Underwater and aerial surveys have shown numerous submerged archaeological remains.

Evidence of the submersion of the coast can be found in the ruins of the Temple of Venus, which today is about 3 meters below the quay of the port. Nearby, on the other side of the bay, two monumental complexes were also found: a villa belonging to the Pisoni family and a bath complex with a nymphaeum.


Another submerged archaeological site that participants will study is Portus Iulius, a port which sank during Roman times. It was built in 37 B.C. by Agrippa and Octavian, and was abandoned in 12 B.C., merely 25 years after its extremely expensive construction. Later on, it was submerged due to several ground movements –Bradyseism- and volcanic activities including Vesuvius.

The coast’s unique atmosphere even attracted emperors. For instance, Caligula celebrated his elevation to divinity by building a pontoon crossing the area, which he then rode over wearing the armor of Alexander. Emperor Claudius often visited Baia. Nero was so fond of this place that he ended up conceiving grandiose projects there, one of them being conveying all spa waters into a large basin intended to link Miseno with the Averno.


In 2006 the Baia Underwater Archaeological Park was created, the first of its kind in Italy. Because of this project we can visit these magnificent ancient ruins. The uniqueness of the archaeology in Naples Bay, both on land and underwater, has made this site famous worldwide.


There will be a minimum of 8 immersions focusing on the recognition of structures and archaeological remains in Portus Iulius to make a detailed map of the Roman port infrastructure and analyze the spatial distribution of all objects we will find underwater.

Course time dedicated: 50%.

Students will also attend lectures on Roman History, shipwrecks, Roman Amphoras, Ancients Ports and methods on archaeological survey.

2. What you will learn

In the Fieldwork

• How to survey and which archaeological techniques are used.

• Use and handling of the tools that are used during the survey process.

• Recording data obtained during the survey.
• Study submerged archaeological remains in Baia Underwater Park

•Practice in the recognition of archaeological materials and Roman finds from the II century B. C. to VI A. D. in the Underwater Port of Sanitja.

•Practice in the recognition of structures and archaeological remains in Portus Iulius to make a detailed map of the Roman port infrastructure and analyze the spatial distribution of all objects we will find underwater.

In the Laboratory

•Recording data obtained during the survey -diary and systematic methodology sheets-.

•Study and typological classification of archaeological Roman objects discovered during the underwater survey.

•Relative dating based on the classification of the archaeological objects discovered during the survey.

Theory

•Underwater Archaeological background of Sanisera.

•Ancient trade in Sanisera and the Western Mediterranean Sea.

•Ancient navigation.

•Modern sail merchant ships (centuries 16th - 20th).

•History, archaeology, economy and culture of the Roman civilization.

•Introduction to the History of the Sanisera Site.

•Minorcan archaeology before the Roman conquest of the Balearic Islands.

3. Directed at

If you are interested in gaining experience, practicing diving and learning the techniques and methodology used for surveying in different seabed, identifying the most diverse archaeological materials that can be discovered in underwater Roman archeology, this course is the best option for you.

In the Roman port of Sanisera (Menorca , Spain ), in a privileged landscape, you can dive into different depths with wide visibility, learning how to recognize remains of amphoras, anchors and Roman shipwrecks with which you will practice the survey method and the applied registration system (photographic documentation in 2D and 3D, drawing, classification of amphoras, ... ).

In one of the most unique ports of the Roman world, Portus Iulius (Naples, Italy), you will investigate a unique and exceptional seabed, one of the best in the field of underwater archeology. You will dive and practice design techniques to make the submerged port mapping and spatial study of the distribution of archaeological materials to be discovered. You should know that in Portus Iulius you will identify objects rarely found in other submerged sites, like marble, columns, remains of sculptures , embossed stucco, tiles, glass, ... ).

After finishing this course, the training and experience gained will help you to decide if underwater archaeology is the area of research that you wish to focus on or if you want to continue on with underwater archaeology as a future profession. You will have also visited the most iconic and remarkable Roman underwater archaeological sites in the Mediterranean.

Previous knowledge or experience in archaeology or computer systems is not required.

4. Field School life & language

The field school course has a length of 18 days and will start in Spain. Students will meet in Menorca on the first day of the course. During the first 7 days participants will focus on the underwater archaeology fieldwork in the ancient port of Sanitja, exploring and surveying the port of Sanitja and the coast of the Cape of Cavalleria.

The aim of this project is to identify structures of the Roman city of Sanisera and underwater shipwrecks, as well as the associated cargo including amphoras and anchors.
Continuing the course schedule, between days 8 and 10 we will go on excursions, rest and transfer by plane to Naples to start the survey project in Baia Underwater Archaeological Park.

Between days 11 and 18, we will use 6 days diving and making the planimetry of the port and studying the submerged objects in Portus Iulius. Other two dives are directed to visit the remains of the submerged roman villas of Punta Epitaffio. In addition, participants will also visit the Roman ruins of the city of Pompeii.

Participants will then return to Menorca for the last two days of the program which are free course days.

The course runs six hours per day. The course is taught in English, Spanish and Italian.

5. Options

To participate in diving activities, it is necessary to have a diving certificate that will allow you to dive up to 18 meters in depth. For this reason, we have designed two groups to choose from our underwater archaeology course: with or without a diving certificate.

Group 1. Without a diving certificate: Those that do not have a diving certificate should choose this group.

Group 2. With certificate: Those that have a diving certificate from an internationally recognized organization (i.e. PADI), should choose this group.


6. Medical Check
On the first day of the course, participants have to show a medical document stating that he/she is fit for diving activities. Participants that do not have this document on the first day will not be allowed to participate until they are able to present this document.

7. Certificates
At the end of the field program, students will receive a certificate of participation stating the hours and activities of the course.
Participants that perform exceedingly well in the course may receive a letter of recommendation from our organization upon request.


8.Course fee includes:

•Accommodation.

•Course tuition.

•Tanks, tank filling and weights.

•Daily transportation to/from the research site.

•Breakfast, lunch and dinner.

•Accident insurance at the site.

•Included excursion.

•Open water diving certificate (PADI) for those in
group # 1.

•Flight to Menorca – Naples / Naples – Menorca (students can only take a cabin bag weighing up to 10 kg with maximum dimensions of 55cm x 40cm x 20cm).

•Accommodation in Hotel Arco Felice (Naples Bay).

•Archaeological immersions at Baia Underwater Park

•Transportation from the Hotel Arco Felice to the diving centre at Baia Underwater Park.

•Certificate of participation

Airfare not included from the student home to/from Menorca.

During the days in Naples meals are not included (only 8 days of the 20 days course, although we will recommend cafés and restaurants that do not exceed the average of 20€/day in meals).

Entry tickets to museums and historical buildings are not included.

9. Spaces Available
The course is limited to 8 participants per session. Reservations are only effective when payment of the registration fee is received. If for any reason the course is cancelled, payment is returned according to the field school refund policy.

10. Equipment Needed
We encourage participants to bring their own dive gear; however, a complete set of diving equipment (with the exception of mask and snorkel which each participant must bring) can be rented at the reduced cost of 18 Euro per day.

11. Information and Reservations
For more information, contact:
Email: info@archaeology.institute
Web page: www.archaeology.institute

Archaeology Field School Additional Information

Archaeology Field School Type
The research is focused on the archaeological excavation of Sanisera and it studies what happened in this Roman port connected to the maritime traffic that sailed the Mediterranean during those times. As a result, we know that this is a very interesting archaeological site, with abundant findings of multiple artifacts that will help us to reconstruct its past. The excavation at the Roman city of Sanisera provides all the archaeological documentation necessary for the student to acquire enough training and experience in all aspects involving an excavation of the Roman civilization from the II century B.C. to the VI A.D.
Time Period
Roman civilization from the II century B.C. to the VI A.D.
Field School Setting/Conditions
The students residence it´s located in the center of Ciutadella (Menorca). The students will be driven from the residence to the site every morning by Bus.
How is the project area accessed each day
The students will be driven from the residence to the site every morning by Bus.
What is the daily schedule for the field school
For every seven course days there are two days off.
Number of years this Archaeology Field School has been in operation
20 years
Is there a professional certification for this field school
YES
Directors and Instructors
Fernando Contreras Rodrigo (Lleida. Spain - 1967)

Director of the excavations at Sanitja and of the Ecomuseum de Cap de Cavalleria since 1997. President of the association "Sa Nitja. Gestión del Patrimonio Mediterráneo" founded in 1993. He obtained the Prize Fundació "la Caixa" in 1992: "Revalorització Ciutats Romanes de Catalunya i Illes Balears". FPI U.A.B. Internship 1991-95. His research fields are: Romanization in Minorca; Archaeological software; Cultural management; Museum development for the heritage of Sanitja and the Cap de Cavalleria. Director of the excavations in Mago (Pla Mirall, 2000-2002), Iamo (Correos, 1999), and Sanisera (Prospection 1993-1995, Excavation 1996-1998). His projects involving Minorca's cultural heritage include: Defense Tower in Fornells (CIM – 1996), Ecomuseum de Cap de Cavalleria (Leader II – 1997), Cavalleria Lighthouse (Futures – 1998).


Antonio TalaveraAntonio J. Talavera (Menorca, Spain, 1985)

Assistant in the Underwater Archaeology Project run by the Cape of Cavalleria Ecomuseum. From 2007 he has participated in the project as an active member of the international courses, focused on the underwater survey of the Port of Sanitja (Menorca). His main interests include the Roman world, the History of Menorca, the identification of Roman pottery, as well as the planning and development of the techniques used in the different tasks related to underwater surveys and excavations.

Specialized skills you will have the opportunity to learn
What you will learn

In the Fieldwork:

•How to survey and which archaeological techniques are used.

•Use and handling of the tools that are used during the survey process.

•Recording data obtained during the survey.

•Study submerged archaeological remains in Baia Underwater Park

•Practice in the recognition of archaeological materials and Roman finds from the II century B. C. to VI A. D. in the Underwater Port of Sanitja.

• Practice in the recognition of structures and archaeological remains in Portus Iulius to make a detailed map of the Roman port infrastructure and analyze the spatial distribution of all objects we will find underwater.

In the Laboratory

•Recording data obtained during the survey -diary and systematic methodology sheets-.

•Study and typological classification of archaeological Roman objects discovered during the underwater survey.

•Relative dating based on the classification of the archaeological objects discovered during the survey.

Theory

•Underwater Archaeological background of Sanisera.

•Ancient trade in Sanisera and the Western Mediterranean Sea.

•Ancient navigation.

•Modern sail merchant ships (centuries 16th - 20th).

•History, archaeology, economy and culture of the Roman civilization.

•Introduction to the History of the Sanisera Site.

•Minorcan archaeology before the Roman conquest of the Balearic Islands.

On rain days will there be lab work?
YES
Will there be additional organized activities?
The fieldwork runs 7 hours per day. The day will be divided between learning mapping techniques, lab work, exercises, lectures, videos and excursions. For every seven course days there are two days off.

The course is taught in English and Spanish.

Will there be additional organized activities?
YES
Is travel restriced during free time?
For every seven course days there are two days off.

Other resources students will find useful
For more information please click the link below:

http://archaeology.institute/027-surveying-the%20roman-mediterranean-ports-portus-iulius-and-sanisera.asp

Archaeology Field School Contact Information and Website

Field School Website: http://archaeology.institute/

Field School Contact Information



Aida Roman
Course Coordinator
+1 347 8710963


Field School Contact E-mail:
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Field School Contact Website: http://archaeology.institute/


  
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